Perceptual Disorders | Eye care services College Station TX
Precision Eye Care

Perceptual Disorders

When there’s a concern about dyslexia or learning disabilities, don’t forget to rule out perceptual disorders first. Perceptual disorders occur when the eyes send clear images to the brain but the brain does not process them correctly.  Perceptual disorders interfere with learning, can mimic dyslexia, and diminish productivity.

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Did you know ... 66% of illiterate adults have a visual processing problem?
Treat your child's perceptual dysfunction before it interferes with reading.
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Did you know ... 70% of juvenile delinquents have a visual processing problem?
Poor perceptual skills correlate to poor academic achievement and delinquency.
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Did you know ... struggling readers are 4X more likely to drop out of high school?
Strong perceptual skills are essential for comfortable reading.
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Just choose the appointment type and time that work best for you, and you're on your way to clear, comfortable vision!

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Perceptual Disorders

When the Brain Does Not Understand What it Sees
What is visual perception?

Visual perception is what allows us to process what we see so that we can interpret, analyze, and give meaning to our world.  People may look at the exact same visual stimulus, but have a different subjective experience.  Our ability to correctly interpret what we see affects our cognitive development, learning, and many of our daily activities. 

Having age-appropriate perceptual skills is critical to learning.  For example, without adequate perceptual skills, we would not be able to identify an identical word on another page while reading, be able to differentiate between a “p” and a “q”, write letters in the correct sequence when spelling, be able to form a mental picture of what we’ve just read to improve reading comprehension, be able to differentiate between left and right, mentally manipulate objects in math, or be able to conceptualize relationships in science. Fortunately, perceptual skills are learned and any deficits can be successfully treated with perceptual therapy by Dr. Lisa Januskey.

What Causes Perceptual Disorders?

Perceptual disorders can be the result of a developmental delay or a traumatic brain injury.

Categories of Visual Perceptual Skills

Visual perceptual skills are categorized based on their analytical function.  Subsets of these skills must operate efficiently together for efficient visual function and to facilitate learning.  Below are the different subsets of visual skills:

Visual Discrimination: the ability to discriminate dominant features of objects. This includes being able to identify position, shape, form, and color.

Visual Memory: the ability to recognize one object after seeing it for just a brief interval.

Spatial Relations: the ability to perceive the positions of objects in relation to oneself and other objects.  Spatial skills can be further sub-categorized into:

  • Laterality Skills: an internal self-awareness of the two sides of the body and how they are different (i.e. right and left)
  • Directionality Skills: how we relate the location of one object to another non-self object in space
  • Bilateral Integration: the ability to effectively use both sides of the body independently or simultaneously

Form Constancy: the ability to perceive that one object is still the same object even if its size or orientation changes.

Sequential Memory: the ability to recognize a series of objects in the correct order after seeing them for a brief interval.  

Visual Figure-Ground: the ability to identify an object from a complex background or from surrounding objects. Finding Waldo in the “Where’s Waldo” books is an example of having to use the visual figure-ground skill.

Visual Closure: the ability to identify a whole figure when only fragments are presented. Visual closure is what allows us to only see part of an object (which may be because its view is obstructed) and still be able to identify it correctly.

Hours & Location

Monday 9:00 am - 5:30 pm
Tuesday 9:00 am - 5:30 pm
Wednesday 9:00 am - 5:30 pm
Thursday 9:00 am - 5:30 pm
Friday 9:00 am - 1:00 pm
Saturday Closed
Sunday Closed
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    Cesar Garcia
    5/11/2022 - Google


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    Ben Clausen
    3/23/2022 - Google

    The Precision Eye Care staff team is friendly, helpful and values your time really well - exactly what I would hope for!

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    Rose Bustos
    3/18/2022 - Google

    The ladies in the front are very welcoming and very helpful. Dr Tran and assistant are awesome! I love coming to my visits! 100% recommend.

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    Allison Kaczynski
    3/03/2022 - Google

    Went to Precision to get contacts for the first time and they have not disappointed! My contacts have been back ordered and not only did they supply me with extra sets, they also placed a bridge order until the manufacturer... read more

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    Eileen Marie
    1/26/2022 - Google

    I was in a work visit in College Station and left my contact lens removed at home. I stopped by Precision to purchase one and the staff was extremely friendly and helpful!

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    STan Furlow
    1/16/2022 - Google

    Needed my "tune up" per year as usual. Don't go ANYWHERE but Precision, Best Dr.s, Staff and location! Last minute appt needed, caused by me, even went superbly! Best eye care in Brazos Valley!

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    Christopher Renberg
    12/31/2021 - Google

    Check up appointment. In and out with no issues. Great staff!

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    Sarah Andreas
    12/31/2021 - Google

    First visit today after moving to College Station! Everyone was friendly and the appointment was quick & easy!

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    Minerva Gonzalez
    12/15/2021 - Google

    Always have the best experience at Precision!!

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    Angela Okonski
    12/08/2021 - Google

    We have been so pleased with Precision Eye Care! We can't recommend Dr Januskey and her staff enough! Not only is Dr Januskey highly trained and perceptive, she continually proves her expertise with thorough examinations and helpful advice. She understands... read more

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    Daniel Whitefield
    11/19/2021 - Google

    I had a great experience at Precision Eye Care! Everyone was very friendly and made me feel welcome in the office. Morgan did a great job guiding me through all the tests and scans, and Sarah and Holli were both... read more

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    Anna Hiser
    11/08/2021 - Google

    Great atmosphere and super friendly! Made the whole process of the appointment easy! Highly recommend!

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    Holly Holsberry
    9/29/2021 - Google

    I was a new patient but felt like I had been going there for years! Everyone was so kind and treated me like a friend. Holli was a professional technician who knows her stuff and made the appointment fun! Christina... read more

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    Tasha Miller
    8/28/2021 - Google

    Everything about this place is the best! Will be a customer for as long as they exist :)

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    Dominic Ramos
    8/16/2021 - Google

    First time visit and I was welcomed with excellent customer service. The technician, Holly was especially kind and sweet. Taking time to engage in conversation with me and explaining each of the procedures she performed. Would recommend visiting if you... read more

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    Kim Bellard
    8/14/2021 - Google

    Love it when an office is running on time and the employees are nice and seem to enjoy their job! Dr Janusky took her time in explaining in a easy to understand way a few problems with my eyes. Highly... read more

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    Caden Crowson
    8/11/2021 - Google

    Great experience. Found the perfect color for my colored contacts here!!

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    Holly Barefield
    8/11/2021 - Google

    Super sweet staff and super helpful! Definitely recommend!

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    Lucy Getter
    7/29/2021 - Google

    Great staff, who is very attentive. My exam went very smoothly and quick. They give you the best options and work with you on glasses/ contact choice.

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    Amy Chambless
    7/28/2021 - Google

    Excellent office staff and doctor! Thorough, kind, and knowledgeable.

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    Emerson Miles
    7/04/2021 - Google

    The staff really has great service! Always answering questions and concerns. Very patient and helpful.

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    Hannah Gianfrancesco
    6/29/2021 - Google

    Very friendly service and had a great eye carw experience

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    Jesus Alvarez
    6/25/2021 - Google

    The best place to go to because they are quick and simple

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    Jennifer Rodriguez
    6/25/2021 - Google

    Very nice service

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    Nelda Rodriguez
    6/25/2021 - Google

    They were polite, fast and friendly. Would definitely recommend.

    Tiffany Brown Avatar
    Tiffany Brown
    6/16/2021 - Google

    I’m SOOOOO happy I found this place!!! My son has been doing vision therapy here and we had tremendous results. All of the staff is friendly and super helpful!!

    Thomas Walker Avatar
    Thomas Walker
    6/16/2021 - Google

    Exemplary eye exam and subsequent service. Christina is, outstanding and very patient.! Dr. Tran was Very thorough and Morgan was as well. I am very glad I came here for my glasses!

  • Jon Small Avatar
    Jon Small
    6/11/2021 - Google

    The ladies in the office are awesome!!! Very funny and very personable and Dr. J is top notch, one of a kind, second too none.....

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    Faith Craig
    6/09/2021 - Google

    Mrs. Januskey was phenomenal. She worked with our schedule, and answered all of our questions thoroughly. She helped us understand what needed to be done and how to do it. Mrs. Januskey is kind and helpful--going above... read more

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    Mike Hilliard
    6/06/2021 - Google

    Annual checkup with Dr. Janusky was great. She is always ready to spend as much time as needed with her patients to get things right. I have always felt that she goes "above and beyond" to do her... read more

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